Adding an Epoxy floor coating to a garage or workshop gives homeowners more finished square footage, along with other benefits. It is durable, easy to maintain and when done correctly, looks fantastic.
The key to a long-lasting, beautiful epoxy floor is choosing a professional with the experience and know-how to do the job right. Read on to learn why epoxy floors fail, and what you can do to avoid these mishaps.
1.) Choose the right finish.
The type of epoxy flooring should depend on the purpose you want it to serve. Every epoxy type has its own function, degree of difficulty to apply and special characteristics such as anti-slipping properties or decorative qualities
Here are some examples:
Mortar epoxy is designed for adding strength, repairing damaged areas or sealing cracks.
Added quartz gives floors anti-slip properties.
Antistatic epoxy floors reduce the buildup of electrical charge
Graveled epoxy is specifically designed for elaborate decoration.
Epoxy floors with colored chips provide texture.
Terrazzo epoxy is used for large spaces. It also possesses unique decorative qualities.
Consult with a professional at Young Brothers Concrete Flooring to find out which epoxy coating is the best fit for your project.
2.) Surface Preparation
First, the installation professional should determine if there is already a coating applied to the surface. This is extremely important because epoxy coating often rejects other coatings such as latex or polyurethane. If the surface you wish to apply epoxy to already has a surface finishing, these will need to be stripped before proceeding.
Other important preparation steps before installing the epoxy include:
- Grinding the substrate
- Cleaning all dust, dirt and oil/grease marks
- Ensuring the surface is completely dry and dust free
A clean surface is important in ensuring that the epoxy sticks properly. After the entire surface is thoroughly rinsed and cleaned, the floor needs some time to completely dry. Any residue left over can get trapped in the epoxy coating which over time can cause the bonding to weaken or crack.
3.) Mixing the Epoxy
Typically, the epoxy will be mixed with other ingredients and some type of coloring pigment. The coating will not cure successfully if the mixing of the resin/hardener is done incorrectly. All components must be mixed in the correct proportions for the right amount of time. If this step is not done properly, the floor will remain soft (or sticky) after the application has dried.
Rollers should always be used when applying epoxy floors – this will ensure there is the proper pressure for application. Without enough pressure, gas can get trapped in the epoxy, creating bubbles in your flooring.
For industrial surfaces, a primer suitable for the substrate should be used. The substrate should also be evaluated to ensure that it is compatible for an epoxy coating.
The surface area must be covered with multiple layers of epoxy, especially when dealing with cracks, corners or damaged areas. The epoxy finish will need time (usually 24-72 hours depending on the temperature and humidity) to thoroughly dry in order to set properly.
For a long-lasting epoxy floor, it’s best to work with a professional. Creative Surface Solutions, a Younger Brothers company, is licensed and experienced, with years of experience providing the highest level of installation service and customer satisfaction.